Benign Ovarian Tumours
An ovarian tumor is a solid mass of tissue growing on or inside the ovaries. Ovarian tumors are noncancerous (benign).
Benign ovarian tumours usually affect women of reproductive age. Although any women can develop benign ovarian tumor, women with irregular menstrual cycle are more prone to developing this.
Exact cause is still unknown.
Most of the times they do not cause any symptoms, it could be accidentally picked up on ultrasound. But, sometimes if the ovarian tumors are big it can symptoms such as
- Lower tummy pain or discomfort
- Pain during periods
- Pain during sex
- Can have pressure on bladder and you may have feeling like you want to pass urine frequently.
- Tummy looks swollen; sometimes you can feel the lump in the tummy.
- Rarely you can have severe pain and vomiting, this can happen when the ovary twists on itself. This may require urgent medical treatment.
- Physical examination by your doctor
- Ultrasound scan
- CT/ MRI scan may be required
- Blood test – tumor markers
- If they are small and not causing any problem, then your doctor will advise to wait and watch, you may be advised to repeat ultrasound scan after some months
- If they are big and causing pain and discomfort, then you will be advised surgery to remove the tumor. Depending on you age you may be advised to remove only the tumor and retain the ovary or remove the whole ovary containing the tumor or you may be advised to remove whole uterus with cervix and both ovaries and fallopian tubes (THBSO). This can be done by both open surgery and through keyhole surgery.
- Keyhole surgery is possible when tumor is small. Advantages of having keyhole surgery are that you are going to have smaller cuts, faster recovery, less pain, early discharge from hospital and early return to daily activities.