Brenner Tumors

Brenner tumor of the ovary is an abnormal growth on the ovary. Remember majority of these tumors are non-cancerous, and only about 5% of them can be cancerous. These tumors are commonly seen in post-menopausal women and usually they do not cause any symptoms unless they are really big. So, do not be surprised when your doctor tells you that he accidentally discovered this tumor during routine screening or during surgery.

What are the causes?
  • Exact cause is not known
What are the symptoms?
  • Most of the times the tumors are small and you may not have any symptoms.
  • If you have large tumors then you can symptoms such as pain and some pressure symptoms like frequency of urination.
  • Sometimes post-menopausal women can have post-menopausal bleeding.
  • If you have a cancerous Brenner tumor it will mimic symptoms of other types of ovarian cancer such as abdominal swelling, pain, loss of appetite, loss of weight, feeling full after small amount of food and pressure on bladder.
What test will be required for diagnosis?
  • It is said that nearly 90% of the times Brenner tumors are discovered accidentally either on pelvic examination or on routine ultrasound.
  • Sometimes you may be advised for ultrasound or CT / PETCT.
  • Final confirmation will be made by surgical biopsy.
What are the treatment options available?
  • Surgery is the only option when you have Brenner tumor of the ovary.
  • In non-cancerous conditions options would be based on your age; if you have not attained menopause then you may be offered for just removal of the tumor, if you have attained menopause you would be advised to under go full hysterectomy with removal of both tubes and ovaries.
  • If you have Brenner tumor which is cancerous then you would have to undergo major surgery to remove the tumor, known as cytoreductive surgery.