Surgical removal of a women’s uterus is known as hysterectomy. Hysterectomy is done for a wide range of diseases, conditions and abnormalities in the pelvic region. Reasons for doing hysterectomy are,
- Uterine fibroids
- Uterine prolapse
- Cancer affecting the uterus, cervix, or ovaries
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Adenomyosis (thickened uterus)
For conditions that are benign (noncancerous),hysterectomy is considered as the last option when all other methods of treatment have failed.
- Hysterectomy can be either partial or complete, and it also can be in combination with removal of cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes.
- TAHBSO: This procedure involves surgical removal of uterus and cervix along with both the ovaries and fallopian tubes through an abdominal incision (total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy).
- Radical Hysterectomy: This procedure involves surgical removal of uterus and its ligaments, cervix, and the upper portion of the vagina.
- Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH): In this procedure, the uterus is removed along with fallopian tubes and ovaries through the vagina with the assistance of laparoscope to guide the movements.
- Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH): This is a partial hysterectomy procedure where in only the diseased part of the uterus is removed preserving the cervix.