Mucinous cystadenoma Of Ovary

Mucinous cystadenoma is a noncancerous tumor of ovary filled with jelly like material.  They often become very large and occupy whole of your tummy. Ovarian mucinous cystadenoma usually affects women in the age group of 30-50 years, however. Ovarian tumors are usually noncancerous but rarely can be cancerous.

What are the causes?

Exact cause is not known.

What are the symptoms?
  • Small ovarian mucinous cystadenomas are usually asymptomatic and only detected incidentally during examination for other conditions.
  • Common symptoms are – abdominal pain, tummy becoming big (increasing abdominal girth), and uneassiness in the tummy, feeling tired, indigestion, constipation and frequency of urination.
What tests will be required for diagnosis?
  • Physical examination by your doctor
  • Ultrasound scan
  • CT/ MRI scan may be required
  • Blood test – tumor markers
What are the treatment options available?
  • If they are small and not causing any problem, then your doctor will advise to wait and watch, you may be advised to repeat ultrasound scan after some months
  • If they are big and causing pain and discomfort, then you will be advised surgery to remove the tumor. Depending on you age you may be advised to remove only the tumor and retain the ovary or remove the whole ovary containing the tumor or you may be advised to remove whole uterus with cervix and both ovaries and fallopian tubes (THBSO). This can be done by both open surgery and through keyhole surgery.
  • Keyhole surgery is possible when tumor is small. Advantages of having keyhole surgery are that you are going to have smaller cuts, faster recovery, less pain, early discharge from hospital and early return to daily activities.