Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors which are surgically removed through a procedure called myomectomy. Uterine fibroids are the most common type of tumors affecting women of childbearing age. Myomectomy is done to preserve a woman’s childbearing capacity as only the fibroids are removed and not the uterus. Myomectomy is a very effective procedure in treating uterine fibroids and its symptoms.
Complications related to myomectomy are relatively less, although it has its own set of risks and challenges.
- Excessive Blood Loss: Since the main symptom of uterine fibroid is heavy bleeding, surgeons have to be extra careful to minimise blood loss when making an incision. Increasing red blood cell count is also essential before undergoing this procedure. During myomectomy, blood supply to the uterine vessels and fibroid is blocked with the help of medications to ensure minimal bleeding while making an incision.
- Scar Tissue: Bands of scar tissue can form due to the uterine incision. These scar tissues can affect the adjacent organs or block the fallopian tubes. Rarely, scar tissues can also develop form inside the uterus resulting in light bleeding.
- Complications During Childbirth: It is not advisable to have normal vaginal delivery following myomectomy and doctors usually recommend Caesarean section if you have had myomectomy.
- Rare chance of spreading a cancerous tumor: If a cancerous tumor has been wrongly diagnosed as a fibroid, there is a risk of cancer spreading while removing small pieces of fibroid through the small incision.