Polyps In Uterus

Uterine polyps are small growths made up of endometrial tissue that develop in the uterus.   These growths are attached to the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) by a stalk.  Excess production of endometrial cells result in development of uterine polyps.  Uterine polyps are generally benign (noncancerous), although rarely they can be cancerous or precancerous.

Uterine polyps are usually confined to the uterus, however, occasionally they get detached and slip down the cervix into the vagina. Menopausal and pre-menopausal women are at greatest risk of developing uterine polyps.

What are the Symptoms?

Uterine polyps cause

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Intermenstrual bleeding
  • Excessively heavy bleeding
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Infertility

Not all women suffering from uterine polyps have the above symptoms.  Bleeding can be light, just limited to spotting or none at all in some women.

What are the Causes

Excess production of hormone estrogen seems to play a role since uterine polyps are sensitive to estrogen.

What tests will be required for diagnosis?

Uterine polyps are diagnosed by performing an ultrasound through the vagina, endometrial biopsy, hysterosonography or hysteroscopy.

What are the treatment options available?

Only monitoring at regular interval is enough for small uterine polyps.  If the polyps have grown in size, then they can be eradicated with the help of medication and as a last resort surgery.